Increased educational attainment and its effect on child mortality in 175 countries between 1970 and 2009: a systematic analysis
Published in The Lancet, September 2010
Education is rising in every region. Globally, women ages 25 and older have seen an increase in education from 3.5 years to 7.1 years, while men in that age range have seen an increase from 4.7 years to 8.3 years. In six countries – Afghanistan, Burkina Faso, Chad, Mali, Niger, and Yemen –women receive less than one year of schooling.
Research long has established a link between education and health, and IHME studies education as one of the social determinants necessary to improve health worldwide. Policymakers have set international targets for raising education levels, including MDG 2, which calls for universal primary education. Despite these goals, progress has suffered from a lack of a comprehensive time series of educational attainment for all countries, which would allow countries to quantify the contribution of improvements in education to reductions in child mortality. IHME launched this study to provide that quantification and, in doing so, contribute to effective decision-making.
Recommendations for future work
Data and Methods
Figure 1. Global trends in child mortality and educational attainment from 1970 to 2009 (273KB PDF)
Figure 2. Educational levels in 1970 and 2009 for the 10 most populous countries (309KB PDF)
Figure 3. Educational levels in 1970 and 2009 for Asia and Africa (309KB PDF)
Figure 4. Educational levels in 1970 and 2009 for Europe and the Americas (329KB PDF)
Figure 5. Educational levels in 1970 and 2009 for developing countries and developed countries (212KB PDF)
Table 2. Ranking of 175 countries by average increase in educational attainment between 1970 and 2009, by educational level in 1970, and by educational level in 2009 (56KB xls)
Table 3. Ranking of 175 countries by change in educational gender gap from 1970 to 2009, by educational gender gap in 1970, and by educational gender gap in 2009 (55KB xls)
Table 4. List of developing countries, their progress toward achieving Millennium Development Goal 4 to reduce the child mortality rate by 66%, their pace of change in the child mortality rate from 2000 to 2009 as compared to 1990 to 2000, the educational level among reproductive-age women in 2009, the educational gender gap in 2009, the educational level among reproductive-age women in 1990, and the average increase in maternal education from 1990 to 2009 (46KB xls)
Data for download. Educational attainment by country, sex, and age in relation to child mortality, 1970-2009 (1.7MB xls)
For additional information, visit our Global Health Data Exchange (GHDx). The GHDx includes data records with information on more than 200 countries.